© Mario Izquierdo

 Resumen de noticias: New Scientist (La Tierra)

New Scientist - Earth

· Weird creatures are spreading polluting plastic through the sea. Plastic particles sink to the seabed after being eaten and excreted by animals called larvaceans, which could be why we see less floating plastic than expected

· Back to the wild: How nature is reclaiming farmland. Farmland is shrinking for the first time on record thanks in part to consumer choices. What does this mean for the environment and the future of food?

· There are almost 100 new volcanoes hiding under Antarctic ice. The 91 newly found volcanoes lurk beneath the vulnerable West Antarctic ice sheet and could accelerate its demise

· This year may be one of the worst ever for Atlantic hurricanes. Between 14 and 19 storms are predicted to sweep across the Atlantic from June to November this year, threatening the US and other countries

· Fighting to breathe in the face of Canada?s wildfire emergency. British Columbia is facing its worst documented wildfire season in almost 60 years– Mika McKinnon went to the city of Kamloops to find out why

· Farmland is in retreat. We should make the most of that. Now that more land globally is being revegetated than cleared, we need to figure out how to use this force for ecological good. But it won't be an easy sell

· The BBC should stop giving unwarranted airtime to Nigel Lawson. The broadcaster had tough questions for Al Gore and then gave space to false claims of a prominent climate sceptic. This is a recipe for spreading misinformation

· Mystery of missing tsunamis explained by geological model. Massive debris flows below the waves can trigger devastating tsunamis, but sometimes they generate the merest ripple– now we know why

· Al Gore: The return of climate science?s preacher man. Climate denialism seems to loom large, but after 10 years delivering his message globally, Al Gore believes we’re on the road to salvation

· Early humans may have seen a supervolcano explosion up close. Two ancient teeth found on Sumatra suggest early humans were there when the island’s supervolcano erupted 71,000 years ago

· There is a good case to unleash job-killing AI on the high seas. Life on a container ship can be hellish, so maybe we shouldn't mourn the loss of these roles too much as the first crewless vessels take shape, says Paul Marks

· Sea snakes are turning black in response to industrial pollution. Indo-Pacific sea snakes living in polluted waters near industrial areas have darker bodies– perhaps because pollutants bind better to their dark skin pigment

· Largest ever dinosaur may have been as long as 7 elephants. Analysis of fossils from six Patagotitan mayorum dinosaurs suggests the animals may have weighed 62 tonnes and measured more than 35 metres from nose to tail

· Americans already feeling effects of climate change, says report. A leaked report says evidence that humans are responsible for climate change is strong– but it remains to be seen how the Trump White House will react

· Largest ever wildfire in Greenland seen burning from space. The blaze is the biggest ever detected by satellites– and a recent increase in fires in the region could well be a result of the rapid warming in the Arctic

· Satellite shows clear-up operation after severe floods in China. The photo shows teachers cleaning the mud from a school sports ground and running track in Jilin province, north-east China– an area devastated by floods

· Is our environmental future better than we thought?. Two possible visions of our future are competing for our attention: an Anthropocene desert of homogenised mongrels and a virtual supercontinent teeming with new species

· NASA?s planetary protection officer will defend Mars, not Earth. A NASA job advert has made for excited headlines, but the agency isn’t hiring someone to protect us from aliens – it wants someone to protect alien microbes from us

· Al Gore?s Inconvenient Sequel could just make climate rift worse. Perhaps the veteran Democrat should have stayed in the wings for the follow-up to hit documentary An Inconvenient Truth, suggests Adam Corner

· Deforestation may soar now Colombian civil war is over. Now that the 52-year Colombian conflict that killed tens of thousands of people is over, the country's forests are once more under threat

· Voyage to study Earth?s mostly submerged hidden continent begins. The research ship JOIDES Resolution is on its way to take samples from Zealandia, a continent that lies mostly below the waves

· Quantum gravity detector will use atom clouds to survey for oil. A commercial device that uses quantum technology to detect subtle differences in gravity, should be able to detect coal, oil or pipes underground

· Throwaway culture: The truth about recycling. We take it for granted that recycling is the best way to dispose of waste. But is that just greenwash? New Scientist sorts through the trash so that you can make up your mind

· Taking back control must not mean a return to overfishing. The return of North Sea cod to sustainable status has been greeted with glee in the UK. We must not let Brexit jeopardise this success

· Bringing our soil back to life with the latest in earth science. David Montgomery's Growing a Revolution says farming can save the soil and even address climate change– can his optimism be justified?

· Robot spots signs of melted fuel at submerged Fukushima reactor. An underwater robot captured images believed to be the first signs of melted nuclear reactor fuel that sank after the plant’s 2011 failure

· Yellowstone National Park hit by 1400 earthquakes in six weeks. A major quake swarm has hit Yellowstone National Park - but it’s unlikely to be a sign of an impending volcanic eruption, according to geologists

· The great polar mystery: closing in on the truth. What happened when all 129 men in John Franklin’s Arctic expedition vanished in the late 1840s? We’re finally putting the pieces together

· Australia to expand commercial fishing in marine sanctuaries. Fishing operations will be rolled out in Australia’s protected marine areas, in a move that could endanger fragile ecosystems

· California climate case turns up the heat on fossil fuel giants. Coastal communities in the US state are suing oil, gas and coal giants for the cost of dealing with sea level rise. Expect more of this, says Sophie Marjanac

· Earth?s underwater dunes help explain Venus?s weird surface. Some of the properties of wind and dust on Venus may be similar to those of water and sediment at the bottom of our oceans

· Tanzanian volcano blast could destroy ancient hominin footprints. If Ol Doinyo Lengai erupts, iconic prints at Laetoli and another set at Engare Sero are at risk

· Use waste rather than crops for biofuels, says UK report. Liquid biofuels can help reduce carbon emissions, but the focus should be on making them from wastes such as cooking oil, says major review

· A massive iceberg just broke off Antarctica?s Larsen C ice shelf. A 5,800-square-kilometre iceberg weighing more than a trillion tonnes is one of the largest known, and will change the face of Antarctica forever

· Uninhabitable Earth? In fact, it?s really hard to fry the planet. A controversial article says we’re heading for the worst-case warming scenarios. But while we can’t rule out extreme warming, it’s not our most likely future

· Invisibility cloak makes solar panels work more efficiently. A new material that hides the metal grid on top of solar panels make them 9 per cent more efficient in lab tests

· Melting ice may be making mountains collapse in Greenland. The collapse of the mountain which triggered a tsunami that destroyed an Arctic village last month may have been caused by climate change– and more may follow

· It?s time we all burst our carbon bubbles. Distant financial elites aren't the only ones with investments in the fossil fuel industry– most people with a private pension or savings account do too

· The ethics issue: Should we geoengineer the planet?. We only have one Earth. How far should we go in our attempts to save it from ourselves?

· France plans to ban all new petrol and diesel cars by 2040. The country’s environment minister has pledged to phase out coal by 2022, and end sales of new petrol and diesel cars by 204 

· How Aboriginal knowledge can help the world combat wildfires. Wildfires are on the increase across the globe as the climate changes. To gain control, we should learn how people in Australia have traditionally tamed them

· Dams can lead the way to a better relationship with nature. We cannot restore the environment to a pristine state, but we can be better stewards of change. Making dams work for us and for nature is a good start

· Demise of dinosaurs opened the doors to the age of tree frogs. Frogs leaped to take advantage of the global catastrophe that killed off the dinosaurs 66 million years ago

· Why Morocco loves its meteorites. Why have more space rocks been recovered in Morocco than in other countries of a similar size? It’s a great question for the world’s Asteroid Day  

· Fighting climate change could trigger a massive financial crash. The risks of global warming go far beyond the physical. If we don’t start preparing for the transition to a low-carbon economy we’re in for an incredibly bumpy ride

· Wildfires??killer haze? tracked with Twitter as it spreads. The Indonesian government is using a tool that mines social media chatter to track deadly smog and monitor the evacuation of local people

· Open the floodgates: Designer deluges could save dammed rivers. Dams provide vital green power but destroy precious river ecosystems. Could unleashing artificial floods give us the best of both worlds?

· Nature and human nature intersect in a crowdsourced exhibition. At the Wellcome Collection's mischievous exhibition of "modern nature", author Boyd Tonkin detects an abiding respect for the non-human world

· Ozone layer recovery will be delayed by chemical leaks. Leaks of a common chemical used in paints and for manufacturing are harming the ozone layer and could delay recovery of the ozone hole until 2095

· The death of King Coal hints we are at a climate turning point. Coal use is dying out and wind and solar energy are booming. This means the world is changing around you despite inaction by backward-looking politicians

· More killer hail coming unless we curb global warming. Extreme hail storms can be a threat to life and property. If we carry on polluting the planet we'll have to face more of them, warns physicist Raymond Pierrehumbert

· Living with climate change: Convincing the sceptics. Global warming is real, and global warming is here. Whether old-school conservative or free-market radical, here's how to convince the doubters of the facts

· Living with climate change: You can make a difference. With climate change, individual behaviour does matter. Here's how to influence the future through how you travel, where you get your electricity and what you eat

· Living with climate change: How to cope in a warmer world. Feeding and housing a growing human population when seas are rising and extreme weather hits will be hard– but manageable if we take the right decisions now

· Trump?s wise monkey environment plan: See no evil, hear no evil. If you don't measure the bad stuff, you don't have to do anything about it. That looks like the Trump philosophy, say Gretchen Goldman and Andrew Rosenberg

· Italy?s drying lakes imperil rare shrimp species found only here. The survival of ancient and unique species thriving in mountain lakes in central Italy have been threatened by a double whammy of a quake and climate change

· Living with climate change: Turning the corner. In 2016 for the third year greenhouse gas emissions were almost static, while the world's economy grew– showing it is possible to go green and prosper

· Oil-exploration airguns punch 2-kilometre-wide holes in plankton. The seismic airguns used to look for undersea oil don’t just disrupt marine mammals, their shock waves also kill and disperse the plankton population

· Living with climate change: Can we limit global warming to 2C?. Current commitments from the world's nations mean we will overshoot the 2°C target agreed in Paris. More radical strategies are needed – and we need to work on them now

· Living with climate change: What?s the worst that can happen?. If Earth reaches dangerous tipping points like the Antarctic glaciers melting, we'll have to engineer our way out of the crisis. It's difficult to gauge how far we are from either of those things

· Bizarre new deep-sea creatures discovered off Australian coast. Faceless fish, giant sea spiders, and other strange species have been found 4-km-deep off the east coast of Australia

· Living with climate change: Welcome to the new normal. The greenhouse gases we've been pumping into the atmosphere are already changing Earth's weather, ecosystems and even its tilt. Here's how

· Sweden commits to becoming carbon neutral by 2045 with new law. A climate plan backed by an overwhelming majority in parliament makes Sweden the first country to significantly upgrade its target since the Paris agreement

· Satellite?s eye view reveals retreating glaciers in the Andes. In Patagonia, the largest icefields in the southern hemisphere outside Antarctica are rapidly shrinking

· World?s largest annual wildlife drowning boosts river ecosystem. Thousands of wildebeest drown as they cross the Mara river in Kenya on their yearly migration– creating a boon for the river’s ecosystem

· Strange ice lolly icicles seen floating in clouds above the UK. Tiny icicles shaped like lollipops can form and exist in clouds– and may even affect the weather

· UK?s hunger for prawns is killing thousands of turtles a year . Up to 29,000 marine turtles are being killed by nets used to catch tropical prawns for sale in the EU, predominantly in the UK, a report suggests 

· Billion-dollar dams are making water shortages, not solving them. Dams are mitigating climate change impacts for certain populations, but the overall effect of such interventions may be increased drought

· Cool retreats are needed to save giant panda from warmer weather. Chinese mountains where pandas live are become too warm for these animals to live in happily, and a network of new chill-out zones may be their only chance

· Science and climate face uncertain future in post-election UK. Michael Gove's promotion and the need to rely on the DUP could make tackling global warming and listening to scientific advice low priorities for the UK’s new government

· Ocean plastics from Haiti?s beaches turned into laptop packaging. Laptop packaging is an unlikely new destination for plastic otherwise destined for oceans– but will it make a difference to the clean-up efforts?

· Five things you need to know about DUP politicians and science. Democratic Unionist Party politicians have voiced controversial views on climate change, HIV and creationism. Here’s what they’ve said on some key issues  

· Extreme plants thrive at 72C in New Zealand?s hot volcanic soil. Mosses and liverworts have been found growing in hot geothermal fields in the highly active Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand

· Bird caught in amber 100 million years ago is best ever found. A hatchling exquisitely preserved in amber is giving us the best glimpse yet of what an extinct group of birds was like 

· The mystery xenon in Earth?s atmosphere came from icy comets. The moon is younger than we thought according to data from the Rosetta spacecraft that shows 22 per cent of our atmospheric xenon came from comets

· There?s as much water in Earth?s mantle as in all the oceans. The zone of mantle rock that sits 400 to 600 kilometres below our feet seems to be saturated with water

· Accelerating Antarctic crack will hasten calving of huge iceberg. Kink turns 200-kilometre fissure towards the sea and will seal fate of a future iceberg that is one quarter the area of Wales, possibly within weeks

· Energy security is possible without nuclear power or fracked gas. There is a mantra that nuclear and natural gas power stations are essential to keep the lights on in the UK. It's a myth, says Keith Barnham

· Huge ice age methane blowout is ill omen for glacier retreat. Glacier retreat at the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago released huge bubbles of trapped methane, a potent global warming gas

· Of presidents and planets: Neil deGrasse Tyson looks ahead. Donald Trump’s election alarmed many scientists. Neil deGrasse Tyson takes a cosmic perspective, reflects on Obama’s legacy and considers the road to Mars

· Simple equation shows how human activity is trashing the planet. The impact of industrialised societies on Earth has been described in a mathematical formula that should scare us all, says Owen Gaffney

· Trump ditching Paris climate deal isn?t the end of the world. The US president has decided to pull out of the Paris climate agreement, but the rest of us, including US states and cities, can come together to work around him and save the planet

· A year on thin ice: Four seasons in a radically changed Arctic. The ice that was once rock-solid is now rotten and see-through in places, weakened by a winter of freak heatwaves. Discover the new normal at the North Pole

· Festivals 2017: Feel at one with the universe. The universe is the word at Europe’s festivals this year, with no shortage of ways to explore the night sky – and plenty of other science to pursue

· Geoengineering fears make scrutiny of ocean seeding test vital. Talk of dumping iron into the ocean off Chile to boost plankton is a return of a controversial idea that warrants questions, says Olive Heffernan

· Take a 360-degree virtual tour of a scientific research vessel. Step into the wet lab, peek inside the chief scientist’s cabin and commandeer the bridge in a unique behind-the-scenes glimpse of Ireland's Celtic Explorer

· UK government to be taken back to court again over air pollution. Environmental lawyers ClientEarth have said they are taking the government back to court once again over its inadequate plans to tackle illegal air pollution

· Trump looks set to take US out of Paris climate agreement. US president Donald Trump is expected to announce this week that he will take the country out of the international climate agreement  

· Hot, sleepless nights will get more common with climate change. People in the US stand to lose sleep as the climate warms– and those in hotter countries will be harder hit

· Governments sued over climate change, with banks and firms next. Almost 900 climate change cases have now been filed in 24 countries, and the Paris climate agreement could provide a further boost to litigation efforts

· Newly-evolved microbes may be breaking down ocean plastics. There is less plastic in our oceans than expected because life is evolving the ability to biodegrade it, one team is claiming 

· Nowcasting may help forecast big earthquakes in 53 major cities. Records of small quakes can help us gauge how close we are to really big ones, using a technique borrowed from economics and finance

· Trump?s budget jettisons ?irreplaceable? marine mammals agency. The US Marine Mammal Commission, charged with restoring oceans’ mammal populations, is set for the chop in president Donald Trump’s budget proposal

· Unimpeachable logic says Trump shouldn?t quit Paris climate pact. President Donald Trump should keep the US in the Paris Agreement on climate and embrace it as a great deal for his nation's economy, says Owen Gaffney

· EU nations set to wipe out forests and not account for emissions. The drive for biofuels that international treaties wrongly consider to be emissions-free is driving plans to boost tree harvests in Europe, forgetting about associated emissions

· Rising seas could double the number of severe coastal floods. An increase in sea level of between just 5 and 10 centimetres could make devastating weather events come every 25 years rather than every 50 years

· Narwhals could help us measure melting glaciers underwater. A project off Greenland will tag whales with sensors to measure sea temperatures and ice melt in hard-to-reach places, improving predictions of sea-level rise

· Remote Pacific island found buried under tonnes of plastic waste. A tiny, otherwise pristine island is smothered by our blast from the past: vast amounts of decades-old plastic from around the world

· Unshackled, big auto will keep choking the world on diesel fumes. We now know diesel vehicles pollute more than they should to deadly effect everywhere, but the real scandal is government foot-dragging, says Olive Heffernan

· The day Mount St Helens erupted and I should have died. But for a chance decision, Don Swanson would have been killed in the Mount St Helens eruption of 1980. That day changed his life, and volcanology, forever

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