© Mario Izquierdo

 Resumen de noticias: New Scientist (La Tierra)

New Scientist - Earth

· Italy?s drying lakes imperil rare shrimp species found only here. The survival of ancient and unique species thriving in mountain lakes in central Italy have been threatened by a double whammy of a quake and climate change

· Living with climate change: Turning the corner. In 2016 for the third year greenhouse gas emissions were almost static, while the world's economy grew– showing it is possible to go green and prosper

· Oil-exploration airguns punch 2-kilometre-wide holes in plankton. The seismic airguns used to look for undersea oil don’t just disrupt marine mammals, their shock waves also kill and disperse the plankton population

· Living with climate change: Can we limit global warming to 2C?. Current commitments from the world's nations mean we will overshoot the 2°C target agreed in Paris. More radical strategies are needed – and we need to work on them now

· Living with climate change: What?s the worst that can happen?. If Earth reaches dangerous tipping points like the Antarctic glaciers melting, we'll have to engineer our way out of the crisis. It's difficult to gauge how far we are from either of those things

· Bizarre new deep-sea creatures discovered off Australian coast. Faceless fish, giant sea spiders, and other strange species have been found 4-km-deep off the east coast of Australia

· Living with climate change: Welcome to the new normal. The greenhouse gases we've been pumping into the atmosphere are already changing Earth's weather, ecosystems and even its tilt. Here's how

· Sweden commits to becoming carbon neutral by 2045 with new law. A climate plan backed by an overwhelming majority in parliament makes Sweden the first country to significantly upgrade its target since the Paris agreement

· Satellite?s eye view reveals retreating glaciers in the Andes. In Patagonia, the largest icefields in the southern hemisphere outside Antarctica are rapidly shrinking

· World?s largest annual wildlife drowning boosts river ecosystem. Thousands of wildebeest drown as they cross the Mara river in Kenya on their yearly migration– creating a boon for the river’s ecosystem

· Strange ice lolly icicles seen floating in clouds above the UK. Tiny icicles shaped like lollipops can form and exist in clouds– and may even affect the weather

· UK?s hunger for prawns is killing thousands of turtles a year . Up to 29,000 marine turtles are being killed by nets used to catch tropical prawns for sale in the EU, predominantly in the UK, a report suggests 

· Billion-dollar dams are making water shortages, not solving them. Dams are mitigating climate change impacts for certain populations, but the overall effect of such interventions may be increased drought

· Cool retreats are needed to save giant panda from warmer weather. Chinese mountains where pandas live are become too warm for these animals to live in happily, and a network of new chill-out zones may be their only chance

· Science and climate face uncertain future in post-election UK. Michael Gove's promotion and the need to rely on the DUP could make tackling global warming and listening to scientific advice low priorities for the UK’s new government

· Ocean plastics from Haiti?s beaches turned into laptop packaging. Laptop packaging is an unlikely new destination for plastic otherwise destined for oceans– but will it make a difference to the clean-up efforts?

· Five things you need to know about DUP politicians and science. Democratic Unionist Party politicians have voiced controversial views on climate change, HIV and creationism. Here’s what they’ve said on some key issues  

· Extreme plants thrive at 72C in New Zealand?s hot volcanic soil. Mosses and liverworts have been found growing in hot geothermal fields in the highly active Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand

· Bird caught in amber 100 million years ago is best ever found. A hatchling exquisitely preserved in amber is giving us the best glimpse yet of what an extinct group of birds was like 

· The mystery xenon in Earth?s atmosphere came from icy comets. The moon is younger than we thought according to data from the Rosetta spacecraft that shows 22 per cent of our atmospheric xenon came from comets

· There?s as much water in Earth?s mantle as in all the oceans. The zone of mantle rock that sits 400 to 600 kilometres below our feet seems to be saturated with water

· Accelerating Antarctic crack will hasten calving of huge iceberg. Kink turns 200-kilometre fissure towards the sea and will seal fate of a future iceberg that is one quarter the area of Wales, possibly within weeks

· Energy security is possible without nuclear power or fracked gas. There is a mantra that nuclear and natural gas power stations are essential to keep the lights on in the UK. It's a myth, says Keith Barnham

· Huge ice age methane blowout is ill omen for glacier retreat. Glacier retreat at the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago released huge bubbles of trapped methane, a potent global warming gas

· Of presidents and planets: Neil deGrasse Tyson looks ahead. Donald Trump’s election alarmed many scientists. Neil deGrasse Tyson takes a cosmic perspective, reflects on Obama’s legacy and considers the road to Mars

· Simple equation shows how human activity is trashing the planet. The impact of industrialised societies on Earth has been described in a mathematical formula that should scare us all, says Owen Gaffney

· Trump ditching Paris climate deal isn?t the end of the world. The US president has decided to pull out of the Paris climate agreement, but the rest of us, including US states and cities, can come together to work around him and save the planet

· A year on thin ice: Four seasons in a radically changed Arctic. The ice that was once rock-solid is now rotten and see-through in places, weakened by a winter of freak heatwaves. Discover the new normal at the North Pole

· Festivals 2017: Feel at one with the universe. The universe is the word at Europe’s festivals this year, with no shortage of ways to explore the night sky – and plenty of other science to pursue

· Geoengineering fears make scrutiny of ocean seeding test vital. Talk of dumping iron into the ocean off Chile to boost plankton is a return of a controversial idea that warrants questions, says Olive Heffernan

· Take a 360-degree virtual tour of a scientific research vessel. Step into the wet lab, peek inside the chief scientist’s cabin and commandeer the bridge in a unique behind-the-scenes glimpse of Ireland's Celtic Explorer

· UK government to be taken back to court again over air pollution. Environmental lawyers ClientEarth have said they are taking the government back to court once again over its inadequate plans to tackle illegal air pollution

· Trump looks set to take US out of Paris climate agreement. US president Donald Trump is expected to announce this week that he will take the country out of the international climate agreement  

· Hot, sleepless nights will get more common with climate change. People in the US stand to lose sleep as the climate warms– and those in hotter countries will be harder hit

· Governments sued over climate change, with banks and firms next. Almost 900 climate change cases have now been filed in 24 countries, and the Paris climate agreement could provide a further boost to litigation efforts

· Newly-evolved microbes may be breaking down ocean plastics. There is less plastic in our oceans than expected because life is evolving the ability to biodegrade it, one team is claiming 

· Nowcasting may help forecast big earthquakes in 53 major cities. Records of small quakes can help us gauge how close we are to really big ones, using a technique borrowed from economics and finance

· Trump?s budget jettisons ?irreplaceable? marine mammals agency. The US Marine Mammal Commission, charged with restoring oceans’ mammal populations, is set for the chop in president Donald Trump’s budget proposal

· Unimpeachable logic says Trump shouldn?t quit Paris climate pact. President Donald Trump should keep the US in the Paris Agreement on climate and embrace it as a great deal for his nation's economy, says Owen Gaffney

· EU nations set to wipe out forests and not account for emissions. The drive for biofuels that international treaties wrongly consider to be emissions-free is driving plans to boost tree harvests in Europe, forgetting about associated emissions

· Rising seas could double the number of severe coastal floods. An increase in sea level of between just 5 and 10 centimetres could make devastating weather events come every 25 years rather than every 50 years

· Narwhals could help us measure melting glaciers underwater. A project off Greenland will tag whales with sensors to measure sea temperatures and ice melt in hard-to-reach places, improving predictions of sea-level rise

· Remote Pacific island found buried under tonnes of plastic waste. A tiny, otherwise pristine island is smothered by our blast from the past: vast amounts of decades-old plastic from around the world

· Unshackled, big auto will keep choking the world on diesel fumes. We now know diesel vehicles pollute more than they should to deadly effect everywhere, but the real scandal is government foot-dragging, says Olive Heffernan

· The day Mount St Helens erupted and I should have died. But for a chance decision, Don Swanson would have been killed in the Mount St Helens eruption of 1980. That day changed his life, and volcanology, forever

· Driest ten months in 100 years recorded in southern England. The last 10 months were the driest July to April for southern England in records stretching back more than 100 years, figures reveal 

· Where the wind blows: Mapping our wildest gusts. A new wind atlas will help turbines avoid the doldrums– and solve some of wind's enduring mysteries

· Hundreds of newly-discovered plants may yield new crops or drugs. Even as we discover promising new wild relatives of key crops and medicinal plants, some of them are already endangered by pests and climate change 

· Beaver dams keeps streams cool and protect sensitive fish. We used to think that beaver dams warmed up stream waters as felling trees to build them reduces shade. Now it seems the opposite might be true

· Odds on: Five scientific theories decided by wager. From the existence of black holes to the reality of climate change, over the years some big questions have been the subject of bets,  finds Michael Brooks

· Diesel fumes lead to thousands more deaths than thought. Cars, lorries and buses that drive on diesel churn out far more air pollution than standard testing procedures suggest, even without any emissions cheating devices

· Early Earth was covered in a global ocean and had no mountains. Some 4.4 billion years ago, soon after its formation, Earth was a much quieter and duller place than it is today, according to analysis of minerals from that time

· We are on track to pass 1.5C warming in less than 10 years. Business as usual would cause the planet to warm above the aspirational 1.5°C limit agreed at the UN Paris meeting as early as 2026

· Increased cancer rate in US linked to bad environment. Around 39 in 100,000 cancer deaths could be avoided if US counties improved environment quality– a target that could be hampered by Trump's new legislation

· Snowball Earth melting led to freshwater ocean 2 kilometres deep. A freshwater layer up to 2 kilometres deep floated on our planet’s oceans for some 50,000 years after the end of an extreme ice age

· Industry experts may replace dismissed EPA advisory scientists. The Trump administration has dismissed several scientists from the advisory board of the US Environmental Protection Agency and may replace them with people from industry

· Pink mountains light up in otherworldly view of fjord. These peaks are part of the Tracy Arm, a 43-kilometre-long fjord near Juneau, Alaska, and photographed with an infrared, ultraviolet, and visible light camera

· Cutting through the smog: What to do to fight air pollution. Tackling our air problems starts with traffic control, but individual action to reduce energy use and intensive farming would also help clean our air

· UK government subsidises coal sector with356 million a year. Despite pledges to phase out coal, UK and several other EU countries still provide various tax benefits to the coal sector, according to a new report

· The UK government?s attitude to air pollution stinks. Despite debate over how many "deaths" air pollution causes, it is clear bad air damages our health, so attempts to delay rules on reducing it must be resisted

· UK?s plan to clean up its air is still inadequate, critics say. The government has published long-awaited plans to cut illegal pollution but critics have warned they are too weak to improve the UK's dirty air 

· Cutting through the smog: How air pollution shortens your life. Don’t take alarming death toll numbers at face value – the noxious gases in the air won’t kill you outright, but they will cut your time on Earth

· Cutting through the smog: 5 ways to slash your pollution intake. From cycling rather than driving to being savvy about where you walk, here are the key things that will minimise the risk pollution poses to you

· Strange mantle plume under Iceland helps keep Scotland afloat. Most plumes of hot rock have a circular outline, but the plume beneath Iceland has a splatter of horizontal fingers hundreds of kilometres long below Earth’s crust

· Cutting through the smog: Is pollution getting worse?. The quality of air varies from country to country and in some places pea-soupers are becoming more frequent, in others, the air is getting ever cleaner

· Arctic oil and gas must remain off limits for good, Trump. The US president's executive order seeking to overturn a ban on fossil fuel exploration in Arctic waters is unsafe and irresponsible, says Owen Gaffney

· Map of the underworld may let us play plate tectonics in reverse. An atlas of the ancient continents swallowed up long ago is the first to show the whereabouts of almost 100 tectonic plates that have sunk

· Seabed seismic sensors would have cut 2011 Japan tsunami toll. An earthquake warning system now being installed at the source of the Tohoku quake would have alerted people much faster if it had existed in 2011

· Plan to regrow receding Swiss glacier by blowing artificial snow. An ambitious plan to save a melting glacier in the Swiss Alps with showers of artificial snow will be tested this summer

· Ancient carvings show comet hit Earth and triggered mini ice age. Headless human and animal symbols carved into stone in Turkey tell the story of a devastating comet impact that triggered a mini ice age more than 13,000 years ago

· UK loses another court case over failure to tackle air pollution. Government must unveil revised plans on 9 May and cannot wait until after the general election as it wanted to

· Seabed images show the scars icebergs carve into polar sea floor. A new atlas shows scars gouged into polar sea floors by glaciers and icebergs in unprecedented detail, which could help our understanding of how they behave

· Amazon rainforest under threat as Brazil tears up protections. The political turmoil and fast-tracking of big development projects is putting deforestation gains under threat

· Typhoon Haiyan?s electric spectacular in the eye of the storm. Satellites reveal that one of the strongest tropical storms on record had unusual lightning in its core– which could be used to monitor storm intensity

· Marine life is rubbish? at least in these pictures. Mandy Barker produces lush, evocative images of the very material that's destroying the marine environment

· UK does more to protect marine areas overseas than at home. The government is failing to designate marine protected areas off its coast as promised, says a parliamentary report

· Plastic-munching caterpillars may show us how to dissolve waste. A chance discovery that honeycomb moth caterpillars can digest plastic means they could hold an enzyme that will break down some of our most persistent waste

· On the ground in Washington at the March for Science. Thousands rallied and marched in the rain in the US capital to stand up for science and its place in politics

· Environment chief says US should exit Paris climate agreement. The US appears to be getting closer to quitting the Paris climate agreement, with Scott Pruitt, the head of the EPA, saying it’s a bad deal for the country

· Rocks of ages: How meteorites reveal the solar system?s history. Clever ways to find more space debris, and pinpoint where it came from, will help us rewrite what we know about the solar system's turbulent youth

· Fleet of CubeSats launches to study the neglected?ignorosphere?. Today 28 boxy satellites blasted off for the International Space Station, on a mission to study a stubbornly inaccessible region of Earth's atmosphere

· Internal migration of millions as seas rise will rattle whole US. It's not just coastal areas that will be affected by rising waters, and the US might be hopelessly underprepared unless planning starts now, says Jeff Goodell

· California?s wet year eases drought but many still lack water. Don’t be fooled by the superbloom. Despite record-breaking rains, California’s drought is still ongoing in four counties, and the driest five years on record will have lasting effects

· Lightning round-up: The world?s weirdest electricity. From flashes of light resembling sea monsters to vast rings of glowing red light, lightning comes in an astonishing array of mysterious flavours

· Bolt from the blue: Lightning doesn?t form like we thought. It happens somewhere on Earth 100 times a second, yet we don't know how or why. Peering into the hearts of thunderstorms is starting to illuminate lightning's mysteries

· It?s not too late to save Great Barrier Reef from politicians. Australia is pushing ahead with plans for a giant coal mine, despite the threat it poses to the imperilled reef and hints that the appetite for coal is waning

· Life could exist up to 10 kilometres beneath the sea floor. Samples from a mud volcano contain biological signatures that suggest microbes lived in the material when it was rock several kilometres beneath the ocean floor

· Public fatigue is the friend of those who would thwart science. Climate change deniers exploit disillusion brought on by often gloomy scientific findings, but evolving views on antibiotic use show it needn't be that way

· Mass bleaching hits Great Barrier Reef for second year in a row. The reef’s central portion is bleaching fast this year, following huge losses in the northern part last year – and climate change is the culprit

· Record amounts of renewable energy added to the mix in 2016. Renewable energy sources added 138.5 gigawatts to global power capacity, equivalent to the total installed capacity of Canada

· Flight turbulence to get three times more common because of CO2. Air travel is likely to get a lot bumpier as carbon dioxide levels rise and affect the jet streams

· Neglect and drug trade led to Colombian landslide disaster. People who snort coke may have contributed to the landslide that devastated the town of Mocoa in Colombia, killing hundreds

· CO2 set to hit levels not seen in 50 million years by 2050. We are pumping CO2 into the atmosphere so fast that by the middle of this century the gas could soar to its highest levels for 50 million years

· US bill restricts use of science in environmental policymaking. The so-called HONEST Act promises to end secrecy in science, but will in effect cripple the EPA’s ability to develop public health regulations, say concerned scientists

· Warming drives Alaskan glacier to its lowest point in 900 years. The Columbia glacier was tipped into rapid retreat by human-caused climate warming of less than 2°C, so many more glaciers might be doomed

· How to snatch carbon emissions victory from US climate U-turn. Donald Trump's rollback on climate gives the rest of the world a second chance to do the unthinkable: put a price on carbon. Will we seize the opportunity?

· It just got harder to deny climate change drives extreme weather. The link between human activity and unusual jet stream patterns associated with extreme weather events is getting stronger, says Olive Heffernan

· Western demand for goods from China is killing 100,000 a year. Nearly a quarter of premature deaths from air pollution worldwide happen in countries that manufacture goods for export

· Trump signs executive order to reverse Obama?s climate policies. The order targets the 2015 Clean Power Plan, which was meant to limit emissions from coal-fired power plants, and aims to relax fracking regulations

· Geoengineering the sky is scary but we need to test it now. The world's biggest trial of cooling the planet by altering the atmosphere is being launched. It is crucial that it goes ahead, says Jamais Cascio

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